Although the Earth is mostly water, scientists know relatively little about the ocean floor. But with the creation of ocean observatories such as NEPTUNE Canada, all that could change.
Until recently, scientists had to use cruise ships, satellites, and temporary probes to study the world’s oceans. This allowed them to take occasional snapshots of the ocean for later study.
Ocean observatories are made up of more permanent installations of instruments directly on the ocean floor, along the coast, or attached to buoys. These installations record data around the clock, making it possible to view live data and remotely adjust instrumentation according to the live data.